Eire Militaria

 

Vincent Byrne Collection

 

 

Poblacht na hÉireann - War News 1922 & Capuchin

an Saorstát

Kilmainham Museum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kilmainham Museum pt.2

 

Ireland Padraig Pearse Museum - St Enda's Park, Dublin

Pearse Museum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Belfast - Irish Republican

 

'Save 16 Moore Street'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glasnevin Cemetery Dublin, Ireland

 

Cork - Irish Independence sites

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

O'Donovan Rossa - Memorial unveiling

 

 

Comdt. Vincent Byrne II Bn, Dublin Brigade, Old IRA

This is an online archive of Comdt. Vincent Byrne E Company, 2nd Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Old IRA. Included is a scrapbook he kept at the time of the Irish War of Independence and later Irish Civil War when he was an active member of Michael Collins Squad and Dublin Brigade ASU. For reasons of concealment the scrapbook was contained within the pages of a British Atlas and in the 1980's bound on presentation to his nephew. Included also are a small photograph and document collection he also passed to his nephew at this time.

 

 

1922 editions of Poblacht na hÉireann (Irish Civil War Anti-Treaty IRA newspaper) & Capuchin Irish Independence material

Small selection of several 1922 editions of Poblacht na hÉireann (Irish Civil War Anti-Treaty IRA newspaper). Also an autographed copy of Tom Barry's 'Guerilla Days in Ireland' the classic account of the famous Cork Flying Column leader during the Irish War of Independence. In addition some Capuchin Annual material. The Capuchin Annual was a high quality publication by a religous order in Ireland from 1930 - 1977. This was a prestigous cultural and artistic annual covering many aspects of Irish life. It also contained much new and indepth information about the Irish Easter Rising of 1916. The 1966 50th Anniversary edition in particular is over 500 pages and the majority of of it is Irish Independence related with first hand accounts and material which is generally unavailable elsewhere.

 

 


1922 editions of an Saorstát ('Free State') - Irish Civil War Pro-Treaty newspaper

 

 

 

Collection of photographs showing the historic Kilmainham Jail in Dublin Ireland.

This prison opened it’s doors in 1796 and closed in 1924. The period of time during which Kilmainham Jail was in active use saw the Wolfe Tone United Irishmen Rebellion of 1798, the rebellion of 1803 under Robert Emmet, the Great Famine of 1845 – 1848 (which reduced the population of the country by 2 million dead and emigrated), The Young Irelander Rebellion of 1848 and the 1867 I.R.B. Fenian rising. The prison was most famously kept busy throughout the period of the Easter Rising 1916 and War of Independence 1919-1921 followed by the Irish Civil War 1921-1923. Famous prisoners include Robert Emett (taken out to be hanged and beheaded), Charles Stewart Parnell (the uncrowned King of Ireland), The ‘invinvibles’ (Fenian group of Phoenix Park killings fame). More famously from the 1916 Rising ; Patrick Pearse (Commander in Chief of the Irish forces in the G.P.O. during the Easter 1916 Rising, executed on 3 May 1916), Thomas James Clarke (executed on 3 May 1916) , Thomas MacDonagh (executed on 3 May 1916), Joseph Mary Plunkett (married Grace Gifford while in Kilmainham Gaol and was executed the following morning 4th May 1916), William Pearse (executed on 4 May 1916), Edward Daly (executed on 4 May 1916), Michael O’Hanrahan (executed 4 May 1916), John MacBride (executed on 5 May 1916), Michael Mallin (executed on 8 May 1916), Seán Heuston (executed on 8 May 1916), Con Colbert (executed 8 May 1916), Éamonn Ceannt (executed on 8 May 1916), Seán MacDiarmada, (executed on 12 May 1916), James Connolly (Unable to stand to during his execution due to wounds received during the Rising - executed while sitting down on 12 May 1916), He was the last of the leaders to be executed (Thomas Kent was executed in Cork and Roger Casement in London). Eamon DeValera was a Kilmainham prisoner who escaped execution and later led Ireland through the formative years including the emergency period, writing the Irish Constitution in 1937. This prison has also featured in several movies including the 1967 Michael Caine ‘The Italian Job’, Jim Sheridan’s Guildford Four film ‘In the name of the Father’ and the Neil Jordan 1996 film ‘Michael Collins’. Pictures in this gallery include the sculpted doorway, cells, chapel, wings, landings, open areas and British and later Free State execution yards. Among the museum exhibits photographed here are prison art from Frongoch in Wales (where many 1916 Rebels were deported to after Kilmainham and then Stafford Jail), prison art from Kilmainham, autograph books, Weapons including Thompson sub-machine gun, Irish independence Medals, 1916 Veteran armbands, paintings of Pádraig Pearse and Sean MacDiarmada, photographs, documents, caricatures, pro and anti treaty propaganda, Irish Civil War period mass/death cards along with 1966 Rising anniversary materials and ‘Kilmainham Restoration’ campaign paraphernalia. Featured at the end of the Kilmainham section are the executed leader’s art exhibit & pictures of Independence era Dublin locations.

 

Additional series of Kilmainham Jail photographs including areas of the museum normally closed to the public. This set includes the Old I.R.A. honour scroll and various Irish Republican prisoner graffiti (including of Parnell), the location of the Simon Donnelly & Ernie O'Malley escape as well as overhead cell door engravings. Also included is the 'Michael Collins' name carved into the wall opposite Eamon DeValera's Civil War era cell, the 'Gauntlet' corridor where Republican prisoners endured beatings & a series of water colours painted at Frongoch.

 

 

Photographs taken at the Padraig Pearse Museum, St. Enda's Park, Dublin.

In September 1908 Padraig Pearse opened St Enda's school (Scoil Éanna) in Cullenswood House, Ranelagh, Dublin.

The original newspaper advert announcing it's arrival ran:
An Irish Ireland Boarding and Day School for Catholic Boys. Head Master-P.H.Pearse, B.A., Barrister-at-Law, Second Master-Thomas McDonagh (Late of Rockwell College, Cashel, and St.Colmans College, Fermoy). Assisted by a Staff of Six Professors. Spacious Schoolhouse and Grounds. Apart from it's distinctively National standpoint St.Enda's School will adopt several new and important principles in educational aim and method. Features of it's system will be the Direct Method Teaching of Modern Languages and Bilingual instruction in all other branches. It wil devote special attention to Science and "Modern" Subjects generall. While aiming at producing scholars, St. Enda's will aim in the first place at producing strong, noble and useful men. The domestic arrangements will be in charge of an experienced lady. First Term Opens 7th September 1908. For prospectus apply to the HEAD MASTER.

St Enda's was funded by prominent Irish Nationalists and was designed to be a school with an entirely Gaelic ethos. Teaching the Irish language, history, literature, music and nature studies. Padraig Pearse was Headmaster, brother Willie Pearse a teacher as was Thomas MacDonagh and Con Colbert. All Irish revolutionaries and later executed by the British for their part in the Irish Easter Rising of 1916. Of this school the Gaelic League newspaper An Claidheamh Soluis said it 'will be a nursery of character, intellect, patriotism and virtue, which may eventually exert a benign influence on the private and public life of our country'. Many pupils performed in plays the Abbey Theatre, Dublin and were intended to enrich the cultural life of Republican Ireland. Some pupils were also to join Fianna Eireann and the IRB, 15 of whom also took part in the Rising.

In 1910 the school moved to The Hermitage buiding in Rathfarnham, a majestic building in a beautiful pastoral setting. The building had an association with Robert Emmett, an Irish protestant who sympathised with the nationalist Irish and became a leader, hung, drawn and quartered for his role in the 1803 rebellion against British rule in Ireland. Emmett had courted Sarah Curran in the grounds of the Hermitage building and this connection to Emmett was a motivating factor in Pearse moving his school to this location. The building today is a museum of St Enda's, it also features the Emmett execution block and at the time of these photographs it had a temporary exhibition relating to the Kilmainham Jail restoration project. Also featured throughout the museum are Pearse artifacts, photographs, documents, a 1798 rebellion pike head and a canon ball said to have been used at the 1690 siege of Limerick. Also featured are several pieces of sculpture by the Pearse family. Following the success of St. Enda's school Pearse also opened St. Ita's school for girls however insufficient funding combined with the increased costs of the Hermitage building meant finances were always a challenge

 

A collection of photographs (October 2011) showing some sights and scenes of Irish Republican/Irish Independence related history in Belfast. Included are the Peace Wall and Murals of the Falls Road, The Clonard Martyrs Memorial Garden as well as the Republican Plot at Milltown Cemetery. Also featured are James Connolly's one time Belfast home. The Long Kesh, H-Block prison site location of the historically significant 1981 Hunger Strikes and also 1983 Mass prison breakout (also pictures from a Maze Prison escape lecture). Finishing with pictures from the excellent Roddy McCorley Society Museum.

 

 

Save 16 Moore Street - Irish Presidential Candidate Martin McGuinness & descendants of the 1916 Easter Rising Proclamation Signatories at the GPO Dublin, 21st October 2011

The 'Save 16 Moore Street Campaign' have provided guided tours to some of Ireland's leading politicians in recent years, including Brian Lenihan, Enda Kenny, and now Irish 2011 Presidential candidate Martin McGuinness. This group has no political bias and is open to all. On Friday 21st October 2011 Irish Presidential Candidate Martin McGuinness met with descendants of the 1916 Proclamation signatories at the GPO in Dublin to begin a 'Save 16 Moore Street Campaign' walking tour of the historic 1916 urban battlefield of Central Dublin. James Connolly Heron (Great Grandson of James Connolly) was among those who provided the tour which included discussion on the historical significance of the Moore St. area and particularly the terrace which includes numbers 14-17. These buildings are associated with the 1916 Rising as this is where the leaders of the Rising occuppied as they attempted to flee the GPO and continue the battle on Parnell Street. The Rebels tunnelled through this terrace of houses carrying a wounded James Connolly on a stretcher. A British Machine Gun Barricade and sniper fire from the Rotunda prevented this plan from success. The 1916 Surrender order was reluctantly signed in number 16 to prevent further loss of life. A property developer would like this area turned into a shopping mall & as anyone familiar with this part of Dublin will know there are already an abundance of shopping malls and developments in this general area. There are no 1916 Easter Rising Heritage, or museum attractions in this area whatsoever. The 14-17 Terrace is now a National Monument, however this has not provided adequate protection, only the Building Facades are protected and the buildings themselves are set to be demolished. The Save 16 Moore Street campaign believe the Moore St. area should be developed into a world class National Monument that all could be proud of. This proposal called "HQ16" has recieved widespread public support. As an item of trivia - the 'Save 16 Moore Street' Campaign badge was prominently worn by Martin McGuinness days later on the RTE 'Frontline' Live Television debate in which Martin McGuinness famously confronted Sean Gallagher over 'envelope' payments which Sean Gallagher collected of up to €5000 on behalf of Fianna Fail.

 

The graves of many key figures in the struggle for Irish Independence through several centuries. Including Daniel O’ Connell, Michael Collins, Charles Stewart Parnell, Éamon de Valera, Arthur Griffith, Countess Markievicz, Michael Cusack, Robert Erskine Childers, Roger Casement, Frank Ryan, Sean Devoy, Cathal Brugha, James Stephens along with many Dublin Brigade Irish Republican Army veterans of the Easter Rising 1916, the Irish War of Independence (1919 - 1921) and Irish Civil War (1921 - 1923).

 

 

 

Photographs showing a small selection of Irish Independence related sites in West Cork. From Skibbereen there are pictures of the Famine Trail, the ‘Maid of Eireann’ statue commemorating the 1798, 1803, 1848 & 1867 risings against British rule in Ireland, (unveiled in 1904 by Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa this statue was pulled down by the British Army on 14th April 1921). Also from Skibbereen a remaining ‘Penfold Hexagonal’ Victorian post box dating from the Pre-Independence era. From Bantry the Wolfe tone statue in Bantry square (including a French Armada anchor), also the memorial to the 5th Cork Brigade of the Irish Republican Army who gave their lives in Defence of the Republic in the period 1920 – 1923. From Clonakilty the Pikeman statue to commemorate the 1798 Rising (unveiled in 1898). Also in Clonakilty pictures of the National School Michael Collins attended, the Michael Collins statue in Clonakilty square. The Collins memorial at Sams Cross, Woodfield the home of Michael Collins which was destroyed in an act of vengeance by the British Army (Essex regiment) now a heritage centre. From Castletownbere the IRA War of Independence memorial ‘'In Memory of the Men and Women of the Berehaven Battalion who fought for the Irish Republic from 1916 to 1923'. From Kilmichael pictures of the Kilmichael ambush site where Tom Barry’s IRA column attacked the elite of British forces in Ireland and routed them entirely. There was a single heavily wounded Auxiliary survivor from this pivotal engagement. The Béal na mBláth ambush site where Michael Collins was killed by anti-Treaty IRA forces during the Irish Civil War (caused by the British Treaty which followed the War of Independence). From Crossbarry pictures of the Crossbarry Ambush site memorial ‘Mainly Westward from this Monument and later from various other directions on Saturday March 19th 1921 104 officers and men of the West Cork Brigade Flying Column attacked and smashed an encircling British Force of 1200 men The Essex and Hampshire Regiments and the Black and Tans. The I.R.A. caused heavy casualties to the enemy, captured arms and ammunition and destroyed Military transports. The British retreated to their main bases at Cork, Bandon, Kinsale and Ballincollig, leaving the IRA victors on the field of battle. Pray God that Ireland in her hour of need will always have sons like these to fight and die for her. Also Brigadier Charlie Hurley killed by the British near here on the morning of the engagement.’

 

 

9th September 2012, unveiling of the new O'Donovan Rossa Memorial at Glasnevin Cemetery Dublin. Including the re-enactment of Pádraig Pearse speech at the graveside of Jeremiah O’Donovan Rossa in 1915. This event was also used to launch the new Robert Ballagh limited edition print of Walter Paget's 'Birth of the Irish Republic' to fundraise for 1916 memorial restoration.